A 1999 Supreme Court case, in which the Court ultimately ruled that, under the Americans with Disabilities Act, individuals with disabilities have the right to live in the setting and community of their choice. Known as the Olmstead
decision, the landmark ruling helps individuals with disabilities live in supportive residences in the community alongside people without disabilities. States must provide such opportunities through community-based supports and residential programs—including group homes. Through the Olmstead
decision, people with disabilities now have a say in where they live and the chance to lead richer, fuller lives in the community of their choice. The Department of Justice has been particularly aggressive in recent years, ensuring that states recognize the rights of individuals with I/DD as outlined in this decision.